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First Trimester

Early signs of pregnancy:

  • Breast tenderness
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Light cramping
  • Change in Vaginal discharge
  • Food aversions
  • Positive home pregnancy test

Warning signs:

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding and cramping
  • Nausea and vomiting unable to keep anything down over 12 hours
  • Not voiding for over 12 hours if you have had morning sickness

Combatting early pregnancy nausea/vomiting:

Morning sickness (also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, or NVP) is feeling sick to your stomach (also called nausea) and vomiting that happens in the first few months of pregnancy. Even though it’s called morning sickness, it can last all day and happen any time of day.

At least 7 in 10 women have morning sickness during the first trimester (first 3 months or about 12 weeks of pregnancy). It usually starts at about 6 weeks of pregnancy and is at its worst at about 9 weeks. Most women start to feel better in their second trimester. But some may have morning sickness throughout pregnancy. If you have morning sickness, tell your provider.

Mild morning sickness doesn’t harm you or your baby. But if morning sickness becomes severe (called Hyperemesis Gravidarum), it can lead to weight loss and dehydration (not having enough water in your body). These problems can be harmful during pregnancy. If you have severe morning sickness, you may need to stay in the hospital for treatment.

What can you do relieve or prevent morning sickness?  

Here are some things you can do to help you feel better and may even prevent morning sickness:

  • Keep snacks by your bed. Eat a few crackers or bites of a granola bar before you get up in the morning to help settle your stomach.
  • Eat five or six small meals each day instead of three larger meals. This may also help keep your blood sugar levels steady, increasing your energy over the course of the day.
  • Eat foods that are low in fat and easy to digest, like cereal, rice and bananas. Don’t eat spicy or fatty foods. Salty foods may help sometimes. Snack Tip: Lemonade and potato chips!
  • Eat healthy snacks between meals. An empty stomach may make the nausea worse. Try snacks that are high in protein, like milk or yogurt. Snack Tip: Apple with peanut butter with a side of chocolate milk!
  • Drink plenty of fluids, especially water. Popsicles, Gatorade or PowerAde may also be helpful. Fun Tip:Try taking your favorite Gatorade or PowerAde and putting it in an ice cube tray. Freeze them. Now you have flavored ice cubes to cool and flavor your water!
  • Avoid food or smells that upset your stomach.
  • Take your prenatal vitamin at night or with a snack. Sometimes vitamins can upset your stomach.  You can also take the gummy version of prenatal vitamins, or Flintstone’s vitamins.
  • Chewing gum, sucking on hard candies, or ice pops may help. Brand Tip: Preggie Pops!
  • Sour foods. Try a sour hard candy such as lemonheads. Sucking on or just smelling a slice of lemon may also help, as may drinking lemonade. Feel free to put lemon or lime in your water. Brand Tip: Squeaky pops (popsicles). Snack Tip: Lemonade and potato chips together!
  • Acupressure wristbands. Wearing these wristbands may help with morning sickness and other. kinds of nausea. You can buy them at most drug stores. Brand Tip: Check for “Sea Bands” at your local pharmacy. One pair should last you all pregnancy.
  • This treatment involves inserting hair-thin needles into your skin. If you’re thinking about acupuncture to help with morning sickness, tell your provider and find an acupuncturist who is trained to work with pregnant women.
  • Ginger ale, tea or candies may help relieve morning sickness.
  • Peppermint teas, hard candies or smelling peppermint essential oils may help relieve morning sickness.
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